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U.S. National Institutes of Health
Last Updated: 01/15/14

HUMAN RESOURCES FOR TREATING NEW CANCER CASES IN LAOS

Cancer All cancers
excl. non-melanoma
skin cancer
Liver Lung Gynecological Head & Neck Hematological Malignancies
New Cancer Cases 5728 1215 714 682 496 482
Rank 1 2 3 4 5
SURGERY % of patients needing surgery 26.13 5 25 56.67 44 0
Number (#) of patients needing surgery 1497 61 179 386 218 0
Average length of stay (ALOS) for surgery 6.63 10 10 6.33 6.8 0
# of surgery beds/day 27.16 1.66 4.89 6.70 4.06 0.00
CHEMOTHERAPY % of patients requiring chemo 60.53 20 50 66.67 66 100
# of patients requiring chemo 3467.39 243 357 455 327 482
ALOS for chemo 3.78 3 3 3 3.4 6.5
# of chemo beds/day 35.88 2.00 2.93 3.73 3.05 8.58
RADIOTHERAPY % of patients requiring RT 50.70 20 90 40 71 32.5
# of patients 2904.10 243 643 273 352 157
# of admitted patients 726.02 61 161 68 88 39
ALOS 5.00 5 5 5 5 5
# of RT beds/day 9.94 0.83 2.20 0.93 1.21 0.54
ONCOLOGY BEDS Maximum # of beds/day 73 5 11 12 9 10
# of 24 bed oncology wards 4 1 1 1 1 1
ONCOLOGISTS Hematologist Oncologists 1 0 0 0 0 1
Surgical Oncologists 4 1 1 1 1 0
Radiation/Clinical Oncologists 29 7 4 4 3 3
Gynecologic Oncologist 2 0 0 2 0 0
Pathologists 12 3 2 2 1 1
PHARMACY Onco-Pharmacists 16 4 4 4 4 4
Onco-Pharmacy Technicians 24 6 6 6 6 6
PALLIATIVE CARE Palliative Care Specialists 12 3 2 2 1 1
RADIATION THERAPY STAFF & EQUIPMENT Radiation Therapy Technicians 35 3 8 4 5 2
Medical Physicists 12 1 3 2 2 1
Linac Engineers 3 1 1 1 1 1
Radiation Oncology Nurses 12 1 3 2 2 1
Linacs / Co 60 Megavolt Units 6 1 2 1 1 1
# of Brachytherapy units 3 1 1 1 1 1
# CT simulators 3 1 1 1 1 1
# of treatment planning computers 3 1 1 1 1 1
# of dosimetry/QA package 3 1 1 1 1 1
NURSING Oncology Nursing Staff other than Radiation Oncology Nurses 60 15 15 15 15 15

CANCER INCIDENCE IN PROVINCES BASED on GLOBOCAN 2008 AND DATA FROM CITYPOPULATION.DE 2009

Savannakhet Champasak
Population 891000 644000
New Cancer Cases 823 595
SURGERY % of patients needing surgery 26.13 26.13
Number (#) of patients needing surgery 215 155
Average length of stay (ALOS) for surgery 6.63 6.63
# of surgery beds/day 3.90 2.82
CHEMOTHERAPY % of patients requiring chemo 60.53 60.53
# of patients requiring chemo 498 360
ALOS for chemo 3.78 3.78
# of chemo beds/day 5.16 3.73
RADIOTHERAPY % of patients requiring RT 50.70 50.70
# of patients 417 302
# of admitted patients 104 75
ALOS 5 5
# of RT beds/day 1.43 1.03
ONCOLOGY BEDS Maximum # of beds/day 11 8
# of 24 bed oncology wards 1 1
ONCOLOGISTS Hematologist Oncologists 1 1
Surgical Oncologists 1 1
Radiation/Clinical Oncologists 5 3
Gynecologic Oncologist 1 1
Pathologists 2 2
PHARMACY Onco-Pharmacists 4 4
Onco-Pharmacy Technicians 6 6
PALLIATIVE CARE Palliative Care Specialists 2 2
RADIATION THERAPY STAFF & EQUIPMENT Radiation Therapy Technicians 6 4
Medical Physicists 2 2
Linac Engineers 1 1
Radiation Oncology Nurses 2 2
Linacs / Co 60 Megavolt Units 1 1
# of Brachytherapy units 1 1
# CT simulators 1 1
# of treatment planning computers 1 1
# of dosimetry/QA package 1 1
NURSING Oncology Nursing Staff other than Radiation Oncology Nurses 15 15

Key to Calculations

  1. Number of beds/day = number who require surgery*ALOS/365.25
  2. Oncology beds per day = beds for surgery + beds for chemotherapy + beds for radiation therapy
  3. Number of 24 bed oncology wards = (Oncology beds per day)/24
  4. Number of Hematologist oncologists = (2/1000)*hematologic malignancy cases
  5. Number of Radiation Oncologists = (5/1000)*total number of cancer cases
  6. Number of Surgical oncologists = (number of surgeries)/480. This is based on 2 surgeries per day, 5 days a week for 48 weeks)
  7. Number of GYN-oncologists = (2/1000)*GYN cancer cases
  8. Number of Urologic Oncologists = (2/1000)* urological cancer cases
  9. Number of Neuro-Oncologists = (2/1000)* brain, nervous system cancer cases
  10. Number of pathologist = (2/1000)*total number of cancer cases
  11. Number of Pharmacists = 4* number of 24 bed oncology wards
  12. Number of Pharmacy Technicians = 6 * number of 24 bed oncology wards
  13. Number of Palliative Care Specialists = (2/1000)*total number of cancer cases
  14. Number of Medical Physicists = (4/1000) * number of patients requiring radiation therapy
  15. Number of Radiation Technicians = (12/1000) * number of patients requiring radiation therapy
  16. Number of Linac Engineers = (1/1000) * number of patients requiring radiation therapy
  17. Number of Radiation Therapy nurses = (4/1000) * number of patients requiring radiation therapy
  18. Number of Linacs = (2/1000)  * number of patients requiring radiation therapy
  19. Number of Brachy therapy units/CT simulators/treatment planning computers/ dosimetry/QA package = (1/1000)  * number of patients requiring radiation therapy
  20. Number of nurses = 15*number of 24 bed oncology wards (1 head nurse + 1 nurse specialist + 13 nurses for each 24 bed oncology ward).
  21. The table below lists the estimated percentage of patients requiring surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy for the different types of cancers as well as the average length of stay (ALOS) in hospital (in days) for each of these treatments.
Type of cancer % of patients requiring Surgery ALOS % of patients requiring Chemotherapy ALOS % of patients requiring Radiation therapy ALOS
Cervix uteri Gynecological 20 5 80 3 80 5
Corpus uteri Gynecological 80 5 20 3 20 5
Ovary Gynecological 70 9 100 3 20 5
Gynecological cancers 56.67 6.33 66.67 3 40 5
Larynx Head & Neck 50 9 50 3 75 5
Lip, oral cavity Head & Neck 40 9 80 3 80 5
Nasopharynx Head & Neck 0 0 100 3 100 5
Other pharynx Head & Neck 40 9 80 3 80 5
Thyroid Head & Neck 90 7 20 5 20 5
Head and Neck cancers 44 6.8 66 3.4 71 5
Hodgkin lymphoma Hematological Malignancy 0 0 100 5 40 5
Leukaemia Hematological Malignancy 0 0 100 7 20 5
Multiple myeloma Hematological Malignancy 0 0 100 7 20 5
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma Hematological Malignancy 0 0 100 7 50 5
Hematological Malignancies 0 0 100 6.5 32.5 5
Bladder Urological 100 9 50 3 50 5
Kidney Urological 75 9 50 3 20 5
Prostate Urological 20 9 50 3 65 5
Testis Urological 100 5 100 5 30 5
Urologica cancers 73.75 8 62.5 3.5 41.25 5
Brain, nervous system 100 9 100 3 100 5
Breast 100 5 100 3 100 5
Colorectal 70 9 90 3 25 5
Gallbladder 33 9 66 3 50 5
Kaposi sarcoma 0 0 70 3 50 5
Liver 5 10 20 3 20 5
Lung 25 10 50 3 90 5
Melanoma of skin 100 3 50 3 50 5
Esophagus 20 9 90 3 90 5
Pancreas 10 10 50 5 50 5
Stomach 33 5 66 3 50 5
All cancers excl. non-melanoma skin cancer average of 5 most frequently occurring cancers